Playa del Carmen has a deep connection with its Mayan roots and no place is more indicative of this than the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza. The rich history of Chichen Itza fascinates historians, archaeologists, anthropologists, and tourists alike as increasing amounts of information are revealed about the Mayan ancestors – including their culture, spiritual beliefs, traditions, and day-to-day customs.
Learn About the History of Chichen Itza Firsthand While Vacationing in Playa del Carmen
Chichen Itza served as one of the great Mayan Centers of the Yucatan peninsula for more than 1000 years. Several buildings have survived, including a large temple. The artwork, carvings and relics that have survived continue to tell us the story of how these ancient Mayan people lived, what they believed, and even how they spent their recreational time.
Mayan civilization started more than 3000 years ago in what is now Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and Mexico. The Mayan empire’s “heyday” was from about 250 AD to 900 AD. In 900 AD, the southern portion of the Mayan empire diminished rapidly and scholars are unsure as to the exact reasons why. However, in the northern portion, the Mayan cities located here on the Yucatan Peninsula continued to flourish until the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century.
Among other things, the ancient Mayans had a written language (perhaps the first written language on the American continent), a mathematical system that includes the number 0 (something even the ancient Greeks were remiss on) and a highly sophisticated trading system. Their advances in scientific thought and mathematics led to the building of precisely designed and placed monuments that were used to observe and celebrate the movements of the moon, the sun, and Venus. These monuments are a part of what draws millions of visitors to Chichen Itza each year.
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